Acute Sinusitis

Risk Factors for Acute Sinusitis

You may be at increased risk of getting sinusitis if you have:

  • Hay fever or another allergic condition that affects your sinuses
  • A nasal passage abnormality, such as a deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps or tumors
  • A medical condition such as cystic fibrosis, GERD or an immune system disorder such as immunoglobulin or antibody deficiency
  • Regular exposure to pollutants such as cigarette smoke

Complications of Acute Sinusitis

Acute sinusitis complications include:

  • Asthma flare-ups: Acute sinusitis can trigger an asthma attack.
  • Chronic sinusitis: Acute sinusitis may be a flare-up of a long-term problem known as chronic sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis is sinusitis that lasts longer than eight weeks.
  • Meningitis: This occurs when infection spreads to the lining of the brain.
  • Vision problems: If infection spreads to your eye socket, it can cause reduced vision or even blindness. This is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment to prevent potentially permanent damage.
  • Ear infection: Acute sinusitis may occur with an ear infection.

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